1. Language as a Didactic Tool and Vehicle of Cultural Preservation: A Pragma-sociolinguistic Study of Selected Igbo Proverbs

Uche Gloria Oboko

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 121-136

Abstract
  Language plays major functions in society. The way of life of a people is handed down from generation to generation through language. The Igbo people are known for their rich oral tradition and cultural heritage especially in the use of proverbs. Some studies on Igbo proverbs have focused on the semantic ...  Read More

2. Backward Pragmatic Transfer: The Case of Refusals in Persian

Mansoor Tavakoli; Salva Shirinbakhsh

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2014, , Pages 1-24

Abstract
  The purpose of this study was to examine Cook’s (2003) ‘multiple competence’ by investigating backward pragmatic transfer (from L2 [English] to L1 [Persian]) in refusals to invitations. It explored participants’ frequency and content of refusal strategies in L1 regarding the status ...  Read More