In recent times, great interest has been shown in studying language in religious, cultural, and national contexts. Religion has been exclusively examined in the linguocultural, historical-cultural, and linguo-philosophical contexts. These studies have expanded, narrowed, assimilated, and semantically analyzed religious words from Arabic to the Turkic language. They have also been concerned about the specifics of the manifestation of the worldview in the language and the influence of religion on national philosophy among the Turkic people living in Kazakhstan. In this article, the word ‘duty’, adapted from Arabic into the Turkic language, is examined. The focus words were retrieved from the FrameNet lexical database. The study combined induction, deduction, observation, and semantic analysis. The results revealed that cognitive semantics of the vocabulary in the Arabic and Turkic languages represented the Turkic ethnos. The religious views of the Kazakh nation, the religious world in the Eastern religious language culture, and its philosophical views were expressed.