A distinctive feature of modern linguistics is considering language as an anthropological phenomenon. The article’s primary goal was to study national peculiarities and similarities of Kazakh, English, and Russian languages in linguistic and cultural vectors by analyzing and studying the family discourse, taking a person as the object of research within the framework of the anthropocentric paradigm. To achieve the aim, scientific and theoretical reviews were done. In the introductory part of the article, the general definition of a discourse and its types were analyzed. As the research theme is based on the family discourse, its definition was explained, and each person’s role in the family discourse was determined. In the practical part of the article, a comparative-contrastive study was done using the method of associative experiment. The research results were obtained, and the article’s purpose was fulfilled.