The definition of a person as a unit of the social environment in literature is reflected directly through the development of a model of a person and in lyrics, where a person is presented as an image. All the imagery of literature is based on the aspirations of a person, on their achievement of a stable state. In literature, it is the happiness of a person, and their tranquillity is defined as the ideal to which any creature aspires. Al-Farabi proceeds from the fact that happiness can be fulfilled not only through a miracle but also through the work of the person themselves. The study defines that a person and their happiness in the lyrics of Al-Farabi take the place of a concept that is secondary to the current reality. The practical significance of the study is determined by the possibility of applying the methods of linguistic analysis to determine the linguistic content of the works of Al-Farabi's contemporaries.