Document Type : Original Article


1 Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

2 Universitas Putra Indonesia YPTK Padang, Indonesia


This article critically examines the discourse contained in online media, especially on the website for Indonesia's Ministry of Education and Culture, concerning the problems which were encountered by the education sector in Indonesia amid the COVID-19 pandemic from February 2020 to August 2023. Misinformation has increased due to the spread of information; thus, it is necessary to thoroughly analyze how the platform presents news on educational issues. This study employs the microstructure, superstructure, and macrostructure analyses of teacher writings addressing educational issues, based on Van Dijk's (2009) critical discourse analysis model. The microstructure analysis reveals the methods used by teachers to highlight a variety of learning difficulties while adding expressive components for nuanced teacher viewpoints. Simultaneously, examinations of the superstructure and macrostructure uncover a coherent and intentional pattern of arrangement in teacher-authored texts pertaining to learning difficulties for effective message delivery. This study underscores the pivotal role of teachers in implementing a well-organized structure to facilitate effective communication.